|© Kumiko Murakami Campos|
The adage is one of the cornerstones of passive environmental systems in buildings. The typical anecdote is the hot-air balloon. By using a burner to thrust heated air into the (typically) nylon envelope, the balloon fills with less buoyant gas that lifts the it and its passenger(s) into the air.
But what if I told you that this oversimplified statement actually misrepresents the characteristics of heat?
The truth is – technically, heat does not rise.
Green Building: Indiana LEED LEED Regionalization LEED v4
by Daniel Overbey
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In search of greater responsiveness to local priorities, the process for identifying Regional Priority Credits is recalibrated for LEED v4.
One common criticism of LEED has always been the notion of taking a “one-size-fits-all” rating system and applying it to the entire building sector. If all sustainability is local, then surely LEED needed to respond to geographically distinct regional priority issues.
LEED 2009 addressed this criticism by introducing a process coined “regionalization” by which USGBC collaborates with its chapter volunteers to identify existing LEED credits that should be prioritized to address specific regional issues. The six credits identified for each region were termed Regional Priority Credits (RPC).
Chapter volunteers across the country worked together to identify various regional zones, and locations and associated priority credits were determined by ZIP code. While the use of USPS postal codes simplified the collaboration process, the demarcations of RPCs rooted in environmental impact factors were often distinguished arbitrarily by streets or governmental limits rather than appropriate boundaries based on geographic and natural borders, municipal infrastructure or socioeconomic demographics.
The October issue of Architectural Record named Browning Day Mullins Dierdorf Architects a Top 5 Design Firm. The firms were ranked by stadium and arena construction starts from 01/2011 through 7/2013.
Congratulations to John Dierdorf, CEO of Browning Day Mullins Dierdorf Architects, for receiving the 2013 Indiana Credit Union League Leadership Achievement Award. The presentation was made at the Chairman’s Awards Banquet at the JW Marriott Hotel on Sept. 27, during the League’s statewide convention.
John is Chairman of the Board of Forum Credit Union and has been instrumental in transforming Forum CU into a premier financial institution. Under his leadership, FORUM CU has enjoyed tremendous growth and achieved significant milestones including being the first credit union to offer mortgage services to its members; being the first in the state to offer auto financing at the dealership and being the second in the country to offer Internet banking and creating a Credit Union Service Organization (CUSO) that offered software solutions to other credit unions.
The Leadership Achievement Award honors exceptional credit union volunteers and officials who are dedicated to the promotion of the credit union ideal in Indiana.
Green Building: GBCI LEED LEED AP LEED v4 USGBC
by Daniel Overbey
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Out with the old, in with the new.
With the official launch of LEED v4 just one month away, LEED project teams should be mindful of the LEED-NC v2.2 and 2009 sunset dates.
As every new version of LEED launches, USGBC initiates a process to phase out the previous version of the rating system. This process begins by establishing a date for closing registration. After the registration closure date, GBCI will no longer take new project registrations under the previous version of LEED.
Once the registration closure date is established, all projects registered under the previous version of LEED become subject to a deadline for either achieving certification or upgrading to the new version of LEED.
In accordance with the latest version of the LEED Certification Policy Manual (issued January 1, 2012), “After the close of registration of a rating system, projects that are registered under a particular rating system shall be allowed to proceed through the LEED certification process until the occurrence of the rating system sunset date…”
After the sunset date, projects registered under the previous version of LEED are no longer active in the LEED project database and their registration status is no longer valid.
The LEED Certification Policy Manual also states, “The sunset date for any rating system shall occur no sooner than six (6) years after the close of registration for that rating system.”
Landscape Architecture What's New at BDMD?: Alcoa Awards Browning Day Mullins Dierdorf Landscape Architecture Sustainability
by Brenda Kpotufe
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Safety, sustainability and beauty blend into a perfect, award-winning solution. Browning Day was honored on Friday, September 20, with an INASLA Merit Award for the Alcoa Stormwater Runoff Reduction Project. Jon Hutslar PLA, ASLA accepted the award on behalf of the firm.
Alcoa’s strong commitment to excellence in both their products and the footprint they leave on the planet was the catalyst behind their Lafayette, Indiana, leadership’s decision to redesign 33 acres of property, primarily made up of the industrial plant entry, parking, and security functions.
The initial priorities of this project were site improvements with goals of safe car, truck and employee circulation, and, most importantly, employee safety moving from car to the security clearance, along with environmental improvements. To address these issues, the Browning Day team proposed a design-build approach that promoted the use of Sustainable Sites Initiative™ (SITES™) criteria to inform solutions that would recycle, harvest and reuse existing materials on the property for best management practices and goals.
Browning Day’s design increases safety, improves aesthetics and reduces overall storm water runoff for the project site from pre-existing conditions to a targeted net-zero runoff in a 100-year storm event. The design allows the removal of 12 million gallons of storm water runoff per year. Traffic control islands and medians will maximize the separation of pedestrian and vehicular circulation for improved safety, while a central median will collect all pedestrian traffic and funnel movement into the secure zone of the site.
A central pedestrian spine doubles as a “good morning or afternoon” on approach to and from the workday and is flexibly designed to hold company picnic and health fair activities. Reduction in impervious areas will create a dramatic reduction in storm water runoff. The use of underground storage and open detention basins will provide quantity control while maximizing opportunity for recharge of groundwater through infiltration.
In the redesign of the parking, Browning Day and its consultants, Smock Fansler Corporation and Williams Creek Consulting, explored the potential of maintaining the site’s micro-watersheds by milling the existing parking lot asphalt, while maintaining the base and using it as a resource for structural soil used beneath the proposed sidewalk areas. Water then is managed by sheet draining a full bay of parking into a two-foot porous concrete strip and curb that will be received by the structural soil and water new trees in the walkways. Once tree areas are filled, water overflows into and is received by infiltration ponds that are designed in series to manage varying rain events. Other areas of the parking sheet drain directly into vegetated rain gardens. Ends of parking aisles were treated with river rock material in order to accept necessary Midwestern winter snow removal.
Ultimately, we are proud to have achieved the performance goal of a net zero runoff in a 100-year rain event, while reusing existing materials of asphalt and concrete.
Images courtesy of Williams Creek Consulting
Landscape Architecture What's New at BDMD?: Browning Day Mullins Dierdorf Indiana University Jacobs School of Music Landscape Landscape Architecture
by Vince Neal
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The site design of the new East Studio for the acclaimed Indiana University Jacobs School of Music in Bloomington responds to the need for the project to integrate easily with the fabric of the campus while providing a fresh contemporary aesthetic. Our design weaves together project-specific program needs with creative site solutions, taking great care to enable further developments to fit into the current framework and allow the landscape to grow into a quad and an arts gateway.
Browning Day is the architect of record for the new four-story facility that includes faculty teaching studios, music practice rooms, classrooms and rehearsal rooms. Landscape architecture responsibilities included leadership on a full master plan involving the complete site and landscape design for the 5.25-acre site with a 20-foot grade change.
A corner plaza serves both as a campus space and an arts district gateway. The design carved space for a future carillon to further enhance and establish the art district gateway experience. A west patio space provided at the building proper, as well as other areas, can be used for new student orientation. On the south end, a terraced landscape area exposes the lower level studios to daylight and provides great “subterranean” views. The design provides a roundabout with barrier-free access for drop-off and easy access to the building for students transporting large instruments for a private lesson. The north entry is graced with a circular passive garden and lawn area featuring a large variety of outdoor recreational spaces. Whether sunny or shady, hard plazas or soft garden spaces, students can choose the area that best suits their mood to relax.
Care was taken to embrace existing campus structures and merge the design with its surrounding. To that end, the campus walk connections align with features on the opposite side of Jordan Avenue, located on the west side of the site. The landscape architect’s vision is that a new quad will be formed based on the current site design, as further master planned facilities are developed.
Through the use of limestone fieldrock retaining walls and terraced landscape, the 20 feet of grade change from one end to the other provides accessibility throughout the site and daylight into and views out of faculty studios in the lower level of the building. This landscape also functions as a “viewing garden” from the building and is very dynamic from the lower level. A glass guardrail from a level at grade promotes transparent views into the lower planter terraces. Fieldrock of various dimension and finishes are used, from smooth panels to rusticated copings and chunky limestone blocks, to respond to the challenge of creating contrast and visual interest.
Many of the large gestures of the site design preserve multiple large, significant and valued existing trees and also influence forms of the building’s architecture. All these design features allow the site’s geometry to be visually interesting from upper levels of the building.
Landscape Architecture: Landscape Landscape Architecture Old Friends Cemetery Park park Reuse Westfield
by Brenda Kpotufe
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Westfield, Indiana became a city in 2008 and immediately embarked on its first master plan called the Grand Junction. Completed and adopted by the City Council in 2009, the Grand Junction’s ultimate aspiration is to become “the place to be,” a destination place for residents of Westfield. The recommended first piece of the plan, the “Park and Plaza,” is quickly becoming the recognizable heart and center of Westfield, as envisioned.
The plan contains new tree-lined streets, two streams, two trails, a grand lawn targeted to hold 3,000 people, an arts park, a performance venue building, a children’s nature play area, an outdoor theater area, and a festival street. The festival street is planned as a programmed space and will accommodate specific activities such as farmers’ markets, cultural festivals, holiday bazaars, seasonal ice skating, etc.
The vision of the Grand Junction is that it becomes a catalyst that will spur major economic development, building on investments that have already been made in its anticipation, thereby increasing the assessed value of the tax base. This includes an apartment complex just two blocks away, a green street project with adjacent trail connecting neighborhoods to the south of the Grand Junction Park and Plaza, and Old Friends Cemetery Park.
Is it a park? Is it a cemetery? Well, it’s a park AND it’s a cemetery. One block from downtown, in the heart of the City of Westfield, was a grassy plot named Martha Doan Memorial Garden, in commemoration of this important citizen of Westfield who was the first woman in America to earn a Ph.D. in Science and later became Professor and Dean of several colleges throughout America. Our research revealed that the grassy plot was actually the first cemetery in town, with the last burial taking place in 1886. The 2-acre plot had been the subject of several Eagle Scout projects that “cleaned it” by removing the headstones to the rear of the property. As a result, when the design team started the project, gravesite locations were not known.
Our approach to the redesign entailed bringing the 1834 Quaker settlement’s original cemetery back to life in the form of a garden and trailhead for the first piece of the Midland Trace Trail. During the design process it was renamed Old Friends Cemetery Park to reflect its history more accurately.
Because headstones were previously removed, it was nearly impossible to identify gravesite locations. We performed a Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) survey to find anomalies in the soil, which would reveal the grave sites but, ultimately, decided to forego the conventional spread footing approach for site walls in favor of grade beams no more than six inches in existing grade with helical piers drilled into the ground at locations missing known GPR anomalies. Given the nature of the project, the water line for the drinking fountain was bored following the same method, and irrigation was dug by hand no more than six inches into existing grade to minimize disturbance and be more respectful to the site. Gravesites greatly influenced the design and placement of park amenities that include crushed granite pathways, water lines, granite boulder walls, granite steps, a brick plaza along the trail side featuring a limestone seat wall, bike standards, as well as a people-pet water fountain. Interpretive signs feature people and stories that uniquely follow a theme of the eight founding principles of the Town.
Old Friends Cemetery Park is now of great interest to the State of Indiana, particularly because it brings to light a rich Underground Railroad, slave, and abolitionist history. The interpretive aspect of the park is unique and educational. It is now a stop on the Underground Railroad tour and has become a recognizable resource for Quaker abolitionist settlements. Browning Day is proud to have turned a forgotten piece of property into a local landmark, seizing the opportunity to bring back a major piece of a town’s past and weave a significant fragment of American history into the fabric of the park.
Landscape Architecture What's New at BDMD?: Browning Day Mullins Dierdorf Indianapolis Zoo Landscape Landscape Architecture Orangutans
by Brenda Kpotufe
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Riding the H-Line
What’s an ape exhibit without cables and platforms on which the primates jump around? Browning Day seized the opportunity to design the International Orangutan Center at the Indianapolis Zoo to turn what would have otherwise been a simple exhibit into an unforgettable experience for future visitors of Azy, Knobi, Nicky, Rocky, Katy and Lucy. Through state-of-the-art exhibits and interactive computer games, zoo patrons will experience an unprecedented level of interaction with one of the planet’s most endangered primates.
The design allows the orangutans to ascend a 75-foot tall climate-controlled interior viewing space, access two outdoor yards, and freely traverse and nest upon an outdoor network of masts, cables and platforms – collectively referred to as the Hutan Trail or “H-Line”. The H-Line serves the dual purpose of providing exercise for the orangutans while providing patrons with interesting and unique ways to observe the animals in action.
An 8,000-square-foot plaza serves the dual purpose of patron seating and orangutan viewing, with additional space for education and kiosk set-up. Since we cannot replicate the native environment of orangutans in Indiana, the planting design endeavored to create a landscape reflective of their natural habitat. Grading design in the animal yards introduced a variety of elevations for interest but also flat areas so the orangutans will linger in the yards for patrons to observe. The specifications for the planting soil in these yards were at a higher standard than usually mandated because it had to be free of stones to prevent the orangutans from having objects to throw. To minimize the heat island effect on the plaza, the design leveraged the use of high albedo concrete pavement and ample plant material strategically positioned to provide sun relief and frame certain views of the large glass viewing window that has a southern exposure to the plaza. The main exhibit tower “leans forward” to allow the orangutans to climb above patrons sitting in the lowest parts of the plaza. Mid- and lower-level areas can be accessed via long graceful, arching accessible ramps on either side, designed to convey the image of arms reaching out from the main exhibit building into the landscape.
The Center boasts a 12,000 square foot green roof, testament to Browning Day’s commitment to sustainability. We used sedum on the green roof because of their many advantage; being succulent, they hold moisture, only grow a few inches tall, are beautiful and come in many varieties. The green roof offers many features to the client, not the least of which is storm water sequestration. It is coupled with a 10,000 gallon underground cistern that will hold a very high percentage of the site’s storm water and reuse it for irrigation before tapping into potable water. In addition, the green roof will retain a natural habitat over the site’s footprint, reduce the heat-island effect, protect and extend the life of the roof system, and add a great deal of natural beauty to the site. The diversity of the plants and their changes throughout the seasons will add visual depth and educate the public about the life of natural systems.
Landscape Architecture: Browning Day Mullins Dierdorf Landscape Architecture Urban Designer
by Barth Hendrickson
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Planning, Urban Design and Landscape Architecture were the founding professional pursuits at Browning Day in 1967. Over the past 46 years, we have built a portfolio filled with Legacy projects that the City of Indianapolis and State of Indiana recognize as iconic. Our qualified creative team of land planning, landscape architecture and urban design professionals exist to serve our clients in the areas of academic, commercial, government, healthcare, preservation, corporate, residential, and sports. We provide Leadership + Design®.
Barth Hendrickson PLA ASLA is a firm principal whose passion resides in rethinking design solutions that make physical sense of the human experience through planning and design. His solutions add value by stewarding the health and well-being of life on our planet. Many of the firm’s landscape and site design awards are the result of his encouraging a studio focus on the design and management of water, soil, vegetation, material use and, animal/human health and well-being in purposefully programmed spaces. Barth is a Vice President at Browning Day and on the Executive Committee managing the day-to-day aspects of the company. Barth also leads significant projects for the firm.
Jon Hutslar PLA ASLA is a firm owner who has designed and administered built works that have been recognized by professional peers with awards of Honor and Excellence. As a design studio mentor, Jon focuses on the day-to-day aspects of design, project management and construction administration of complex projects involving architecture and heavy infrastructure. Some of Jon’s current and recent projects include Indiana University’s world-renowned Jacobs School of Music, the International Orangutan Center at the Indianapolis Zoo, and Meritus Healthplex in Maryland.
Drew Braley PLA ASLA is a landscape architect and project manager with professional experience in Florida, Hawaii and now, the Midwest. Drew’s leadership and technical design focus adds value to the firm’s projects. Current and recent experience includes Frankfort’s new downtown Ivy Tech Campus, The Lofts at Pulliam Square in downtown Indianapolis, and the state-of-the-art CityWay YMCA. Drew is on the Executive Committee of the Indiana Chapter of the American Society of Landscape Architects.
Ryan Cambridge PLA ASLA provides expertise in Open Space Planning and Urban Design. A distinguished graduate of Purdue University, Ryan spent the last three years traveling the United States providing open space planning for Cities and Parks Departments in a workshop format that provides comprehensive systems and demographic analyses, coupled with public needs assessments. His workshops inform big picture moves and set the clients into motion when projects are successfully funded. Ryan’s ability to facilitate conversation and his national perspective, add value to our clients. Ryan is currently crafting a sports master plan for Covenant Christian High School on Indianapolis’ west side.
Brett Schlachter holds a master’s degree in Urban Design and a Bachelor of Landscape Architecture from Ball State University. The majority of his professional career has been devoted to reforming and informing built and unbuilt infrastructure in Indiana’s cities and towns. Brett’s ability to quickly analyze the large scale concerns of our urban areas adds great value. His input is critical when analyzing the suitability of property for development or informing the ideal mixed-use scenarios for an entire neighborhood. Brett is an active participant in the Urban Land Institute’s Technical Advisory Committee that provides cursory analysis of development opportunities for cities and towns throughout Indiana.